Manipulated Photography before Digital Age

General Grant at City Point, 1864
  • Used for political propaganda and ethical issues
  • Use to create a more heroic portrait of themselves.
  • Use to remove enemies or person that fell out of favour with them out.
  • Use in fashion (embodying the ‘ideal figure’)
  • Use in advertisement
  • Use in journalism
  • Government, corporate, celebrities opposition
  • For fun, aesthetic reasons
  • To improve the appearance of a subject
  • Used to deceive or persuade viewers or improve storytelling and self-expression.
  • To make a product or person look better
  • For entertainment purposes




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